Abbate, E., Sagri, M., 1970. The Eugeosynclinal sequences. Sediment. Geol. 4, 251-340.

Alvarez, W., Cocozza, T., Wezel, F.C., 1974. Fragmentation of the Alpine orogenic belt by microplate dispersal. Nature 248, 309-314.

Alvarez, W., 1976. A former continuation of the Alps. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull. 87, 891–896.

Amodio Morelli, L., Bonardi, G., Colonna, V., Dietrich, D., Giunta, G., Ippolito, F., Liguori, V., Lorenzoni, S., Paglionico, A., Perrone, V., Piccarreta, G., Russo, M., Scandone, P., Zanettin-Lorenzoni, E., Zuppetta, A., 1976. L’Arco calabro-peloritano nell’orogene Appenninico-Maghrebide. Mem. Soc. Geol. It. 17, 1-60.

Amorosi, A., Farina, M., Severi, P., Preti, D., Caporale, L., Di Dio, G., 1996. Genetically-related alluvial deposits across active fault zones: an example of alluvial fan-terrace correlation from the upper Quaternary of the southern Po Basin, Italy. Sedim. Geol. 102, 275-295.

Anderson, H.A., Jackson, J.A., 1987. Active tectonics of the Adriatic region. Geophys. J. R. Astron. Soc. 91, 937-983.

Armienti, P., Tonarini, S., D'Orazio, M., Innocenti, F., 2004. Genesis and evolution of Mt Etna alkaline lavas: petrological and Sr-Nd-B isotope constraints. In: Conticelli S. and Melluso L. (Eds) A showcase of the Italian research in petrology: magmatism in Italy. Per. Mineral. Spec. Issue 73, 29-52.

Assorgia, A., Balogh, K., Lecca, L., Ibba, A., Porcu, A., Secchi, E., Tilocca, G., 1995. Volcanological characters and structural context of Oligo-Miocene volcanism successions from central Sardinia (Italy). Accad. Naz. Sci. Atti Conv. Rapp. Alpi-Appennino, 397-424.

Avanzinelli, R., Bindi, L., Menchetti, S., Conticelli, S., 2004. Crystallisation and genesis of peralkaline magmas from Pantelleria volcano, Italy: an integrated petrological and crystal-chemical study. Lithos 73, 41-69.

Avanzinelli, R., Lustrino, M., Mattei, M., Melluso, L., Conticelli, S., 2009. Potassic and ultrapotassic magmatism in the circum-Tyrrhenian region: significance of carbonated pelitic vs. pelitic sediment recycling at destructive plate margins. Lithos 113, 213-227.

Bagnoud, A., Wernli, R., Sartori, M., 1998. Decouverte de foraminiferes planctoniques dans la zone de Sion-Courmayeur a Sion. Eclogae Geol. Helv. 91, 421-429.

Balia, R., Fais, S., Klingelé, E., Marson, I., Porcu, A., 1991. Aereomagnetic constraints on the geostructural interpretation of the southern part of the Sardinian Rift, Italy. Tectonophysics 195, 347-358.

Bally, A.W., Burbi, L., Cooper, C., Ghelardoni, R., 1986. Balanced sections and seismic reflection profiles across the central Apennines. Mem. Soc. Geol. It. 35, 257-310.

Barchi, M.R., Minelli, G., Pialli, G., 1998. The CROP 03 profile: a synthesis of results on deep structures of the Northern Apennines. Mem. Soc. Geol. It. 52, 383-400.

Bartole, R., 1995. The North Tyrrhenian-northern Apennines post-collisional system: Constraints for a geodynamic model. Terra Nova 7, 7-30.

Beccaluva, L., Bigioggero, B., Chiesa, S., Colombo, A., Fanti, G., Gatto, G.O. Gregnanin, A., Montrasio, A., Piccirillo, E.M., Tunesi, A., 1983. Post collisional orogenic dyke magmatism in the Alps. Mem. Soc. Geol. It. 26, 341-359.

Beccaluva, L., Siena, F., Coltorti, M., Di Grande, A., Lo Giudice, A., Macciotta, G., Tassinari, R., Vaccaro, C., 1998. Nephelinitic to tholeiitic magma generation in a transtensional tectonic setting: an integrated model for the Iblean volcanism, Sicily. J. Petrol. 39, 1547-1576.

Beccaluva, L., Brotzu, P., Macciotta, G., Morbidelli, L., Serri, G., Traversa, G., 1989. Cainozoic tectono-magmatic evolution and inferred mantle sources in the Sardo-Tyrrhenian area. In: Lithosphere in Italy, Boriani A., Bonafede M., Piccardo G.B., Vai G.B. (Eds.), Accad. Naz. Lincei, Roma, 229-248.

Beccaluva, L., Bianchini, G., Coltorti, M., Siena, F., Verde, M., 2005. Cenozoic tectono-magmatic evolution of the central-western Mediterranean: migration of an arc-interarc basin system and variations in the mode of subduction. In: Finetti I.R. (Ed.), “Crop - Deep Seismic Exploration of the Mediterranean Region”, Elsevier, 623-640.

Beccaluva, L., Civetta, L., Macciotta, G., Ricci, C.A., 1985. Geochronology in Sardinia: results and problems. Rend. Soc. It. Mineral. Petrol. 40, 57-72.

Beccaluva, L., Di Girolamo, P., Serri, G., 1991. Petrogenesis and tectonic setting of the Roman Volcanic Province, Italy. Lithos 26, 191-221.

Bell, K., Castorina, F., Rosatelli, G., Stoppa, F., 2006. Plume activity, magmatism, and the geodynamic evolution of the central Mediterranean. Ann. Geophys. 49, 357-371.

Bellia, S., Hauser, S., Rotolo, S.G., 2000. Petrochemical characterization of some submarine shoals of the Island of Ustica. Mem. Soc. Geol. It. 55, 321-324.

Beltrando M., Compagnoni R., Lombardo B., 2010. (Ultra-) High-pressure metamorphism and orogenesis: An Alpine perspective. Gondwana Research 18, 147-166, (doi: 10.1016/

Benedetti, L., Tapponnier, P., King, G.C.P., Meyer, B., Manighetti, I., 2000. Growth folding and active thrusting in the Montello region, Veneto, northern Italy. J. Geophys. Res. 105, 739-766.

Berger, A., Bousquet, R., 2008. Subduction related metamorphism in the Alps: Review of isotopic ages based on petrology and their geodynamic consequences. In: Siegesmund, S., Fügenschuh, B. and Froitzheim, N. 2008. Tectonic Aspects of the Alpine-Dinaride-Carpathian. Geol. Soc. London, Spec. Publ. 298, 117-144.

Berger, A., Mercolli, I., Engi, M., 2005. The central Lepontine Alps: notes accompanying the tectonic and petrographic map sheet Sopra Ceneri (1:100,000). Schweiz. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt. 85, 109-146.

Bianchini, G., Beccaluva, L., Siena, F., 2008. Post-collisional intraplate Cenozoic volcanism in the rifted Apennines/Adriatic domain. Lithos 101, 125-140.

Bigazzi, G., Del Moro, A., Macera, P., 1986. A quantitative approach to trace element and Sr isotope evolution in the Adamello batholith (northern Italy). Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 94, 46-53.

Bigi, G., Castellarin, A., Coli, M., Dal Piaz, G.V., Sartori, R., Scandone, P., Vai, G.B., 1990. Structural model of Italy, 1:500.000, Sheet 1. C.N.R., Progetto Finalizzato Geodinamica, SELCA Firenze.

Bigi, S., Lenci, F., Doglioni, C., Moore, J.C., Carminati, E., Scrocca, D., 2003. Decollement depth vs accretionary prism dimension in the Apennines and the Barbados Tectonics, 22, (doi:10.1029/2002TC001410)

Bindi, L., Tasselli, F., Olmi, F., Peccerillo, A., Menchetti, S., 2002. Crystal chemistry of clinopyroxenes from Linosa volcano, Sicily Channel, Italy: implications for modelling the magmatic plumbing system. Mineral. Mag., 66, 953-968.

Boccaletti, M., Ciaranfi, N., Cosentino, D., Deiana, G., Gelati, R., Lentini, F., Massari, F., Moratti, G., Pescatore, T., Ricci Lucchi, F., Tortorici, L., 1990. Palinspastic restoration and paleogeographic reconstruction of the peri-Tyrrenian area during the Neogene. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol. 77, 41-50.

Bonatti, E., Seyler, M., Channel, J., Giraudeau, J., Mascle, G., 1990. Peridotites drilled from the Tyrrhenian Sea, ODP Leg 107. In: Kastens, K.A., Mascle, J., et al., Proc. ODP, Sci. Res., 107, 37-47.

Bosellini, A., 2002. Dinosaurs “re-write” the geodynamics of the eastern Mediterranean and the paleogeography of the Apulia Platform. Earth-Sci. Rev. 59, 211-234.

Bousquet, R., Oberhansli, R., Goffé, B., Wiederkehr, M., Koller, F., Schmid, S.M., Schuster, R., Engi, M., Berger, A., Martinotti, G., 2008. Metamorphism of metasediments at the scale of an orogen: a key to the Tertiary geodynamic evolution of the Alps. In: Siegesmund, S., Fügenschuh, B. and Froitzheim, N. (Eds) Tectonic Aspects of the Alpine-Dinaride-Carpathian System. Geol. Soc. London, Spec.l Publ. 298, 393-411.

Brandano, M., Brilli, M., Corda, L., Lustrino, M., 2010. Miocene C-isotope signature from the central Appennine successions (Italy): Monterey vs. regional controlling factors. Terra Nova 22, 125-130.

Brotzu, P., (Ed.) 1997. The Tertiary calcalkaline volcanism of Sardinia. Per. Mineral., Spec. Issue, 66.

Brunet, C., Monié, P., Jolivet, L., Cadet, J.-P., 2000. Migration of compression and extension in the Tyrrhenian Sea, insights from 40Ar/39Ar ages on micas along a transect from Corsica to Tuscany. Tectonophysics 321, 127-155.

Bruno, P.P., Di Fiore, V., Ventura, G., 2000. Seismic study of the “41st Parallel” fault system offshore the Campanian-Latial continental margin, Italy. Tectonophysics 324, 37-55.

Burkhard, M., Goy-Eggenberger, D., 2001. Near vertical iso-illite-crystallinity surfaces cross-cut the recumbent fold structure of the Morcles nappe, Swiss Alps. Clay Min. 36, 159-170.

Burrus, J., 1984. Contribution to a geodynamic synthesis of the Provençal Basin (North-Western Mediterranean). Mar. Geol. 55, 247-269.

Cadoux, A., Blichert-Toft, J., Pinti, D.L., Albarède, F., 2007. A unique lower mantle source for Southern Italy volcanics. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 259, 227-238.

Calanchi, N., Colantoni, P., Rossi, P.L., Saitta, M., Serri, G., 1989. The Strait of Sicily continental rift system: physiography and petrochemistry of the submarine volcanic centres. Mar. Geol. 87, 55-83.

Calanchi, N., Peccerillo, A., Tranne, C.A., Lucchini, F., Rossi, P.L., Kempton, P., Barbieri, M., Wu, T.W., 2002. Petrology and geochemistry of volcanic rocks from the island of Panarea: implications for mantle evolution beneath the Aeolian island arc (southern Tyrrhenian Sea). J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 115, 367-395.

Calcagnile, G., Panza, G.F., 1981. The main characteristics of the lithosphere-asthenosphere system in Italy and surrounding regions. Pure Appl. Geophys. 119, 865-879.

Calcagnile, G., D’Ingeo, F., Farrugia, P., Panza, G., 1982. The lithosphere in the central-eastern Mediterranean area, Pageoph. 120, 389-406.

Carannante, G., Esteban, M., Milliman, J.D., Simone, L., 1988. Carbonate lithosfacies as paleolatitude indicators: problems and limitations. Sedim. Geol. 60, 333-346.

Carbone, S., Di Stefano, A., Lentini, F., 2005. Note illustrative della Carta Geologica d’Italia alla scala 1:50.000, Foglio 506 S. Arcangelo. APAT. Dipartimento difesa del suolo. Servizio Geologico d’Italia, 116 pp.

Carmignani, L., Carosi, R., Di Pisa, A., Gattiglio, M., Musumeci, G., Oggiano, G., Pertusati, P.C., 1994. The Hercynian chain in Sardinia (Italy). Geodin. Acta 7, 31-47.

Carmignani, L., Kligfield, R., 1990. Crustal extension in the Northern Apennines: the transition from compression to extension in the Alpi Apuane core complex. Tectonics 9, 1275-1303.

Carminati, E., Di Donato, G., 1999. Separating natural and anthropogenic vertical movements in fast subsiding areas: the Po plain (N. Italy) case. Geophys.l Res. Lett. 26, 2291-2294.

Carminati, E., Doglioni, C., Carrara, G., Dabovsk, C., Dumurdjanov, N., Gaetani, M., Georgiev, G., Mauffret, A. Sartori, R., Seranne, M., Scrocca, D., Scionti, V., Torelli, L., Zagorchev, I., Argnani, A., Transmed: section III, in: W. Cavazza, F. Roure, W. Spakman, G.M. Stampfli, P.A. Ziegler, P.A. (Eds.), 2004b. The TRANSMED Atlas - The Mediterranean Region from Crust to Mantle, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 141 pp..

Carminati, E., Doglioni, C., Scrocca, D., 2004a. Alps Vs Apennines. In: Geology of Italy, Special Volume of the Italian Geological Society for the IGC 32 Florence-2004, Edited by U. Crescenti, S. D'Offizi, S. Merlini e L. Sacchi, 141-151.

Carminati, E., Scrocca, D., Doglioni, C., 2010. Compaction-induced stress variations with depth in an active anticline: Northern Apennines, Italy. J. Geophys. Res. 115, B02401, (doi:10.1029/2009JB006395)

Carminati, E., Siletto, G.B., Battaglia, D., 1997. Thrust kinematics and internal deformation in basement involved foreland fold and thrust belts: the Eastern Orobic Alps case (Central Southern Alps, Northern Italy). Tectonics 16, 259-271.

Carminati, E., Siletto, G.B., 1997. The effects of brittle plastic transitions in basement involved foreland belts: The central Southern Alps (N. Italy) case. Tectonophysics 280, 107-123.

Carminati, E., Doglioni, C., Scrocca, D., 2003a. Apennines subduction-related subsidence of Venice. Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 13, 1717, (doi:10.1029/2003GL0170012009JB006395)

Carminati, E., Doglioni, C., 2005. Mediterranean Geodynamics: Encyclopedia of Geology, Elsevier, 135-146.

Carminati, E., Martinelli, G., 2002. Subsidence rates in the Po plain (Northern Italy): the relative impact of Natural and Anthropic causation. Eng. Geol. 66, 241-255.

Carminati, E., Giardina, F., Doglioni, C., 2002. Rheological control of subcrustal seismicity in the Apennines subduction (Italy). Geophys. Res. Lett., (doi:10.1029/2001GL014084)

Carminati, E., Martinelli, G., Severi P., 2003b. Influence of glacial cycles and tectonics on natural subsidence in the Po Plain (Northern Italy): insights from 14C ages, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 4, (doi:10.1029/2002GC000481)

Carminati, E., Negredo, A.M., Valera, J.L., Doglioni, C., 2005. Subduction-related intermediate-depth and deep seismicity in Italy: insights from thermal and rheological modeling. Phys. Earth Planet. Int. 149, 65-79.

Carminati, E., Wortel, M.J.R., Spakman, W., Saladini, R., 1998. The role of slab detachment processes in the opening of the western-central Mediterranean basins: some geological and geophysical evidence. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 160, 651-665.

Castellarin, A., Nicolich, R., Fantoni, R., Cantellia, L., Sella M., Selli, L., 2006. Structure of the lithosphere beneath the Eastern Alps (southern sector of the TRANSALP transect). Tectonophysics 414, 259-282.

Castellarin, A., Vai, G.B., 1981. Importance of Hercynian tectonics within the framework of the Southern Alps. J. Struct. Geol. 3, 477-486,

Castorina, F., Stoppa, F., Cundari, A., Barbieri, M., 2000. An enriched mantle source for Italy's melilitite-carbonatite association as inferred by its Nd-Sr isotopic signature. Mineral. Mag. 64, 625-639.

Casula, G., Cherchi, A., Montadert, L., Murru, M., Sarria, E., 2001. The Cenozoic graben system of Sardinia (Italy): geodynamicevolution from new seismic and field data. Mar. Petr. Geol. 18, 863-888.

Catalano, R., Di Stefano, P., Sulli, A., Vitale, F.P., 1996. Paleogeography and structure of the central Mediterranean: Sicily and its offshore area. Tectonophysics 260, 291-323.

Catalano, R., Doglioni, C., Merlini, S., 2001. On the Mesozoic Ionian basin. Geophys. J. Int. 144, 49-64.

Catalano, R., Franchino A., Merlini S., Sulli A., 2000. Central western Sicily structural setting interpreted from seismic reflection profiles. Mem. Soc. Geol. It. 55, 5-16.

Cataldi, R., Mongelli, F., Squarci, P., Taffi, L., Zito, G., Calore, C.,1995. Geothermal ranking of the italian territory. Geothermics 24, 115-129.

Cavinato, G.P., Carusi, C., Dall'Asta, M., Miccadei, E., Piacentini, T., 2002. Sedimentary and tectonic evolution of Plio-Pleistocene alluvial and lacustrine deposits of Fucino Basin (central Italy). Sedim. Geol. 148, 29-59.

Cello, G., Invernizzi, C., Mazzoli, S., 1996. Structural signature of tectonic processes in the Calabrian Arc, southern Italy: Evidence from oceanic-derived Diamante-Terranova unit. Tectonics 15, 187–200.

Centamore, E., Rossi D., 2008. The interplay between mantle convective motions and the structural evolution of the Central-Northern Apennines. Rend. online Soc. Geol. It. 3, 208-209.

Cernobori, L., Hirn, A., McBride, J.H., Nicolich, R., Petronio, L., Romanelli, M., STREAMERS /PROFILES Working Groups, 1996. Crustal image of the Ionian basin and its Calabrian margins. Tectonophysics 264, 175-189.

Chalouan, A., Michard, A., El Kadiri, Kh., Negro, F., Frizon de Lamotte, D., Soto, J.I., Saddiqi O., 2008. The Rif Belt. In: Continental Evolution: The Geology of Morocco. Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences 116. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 203-302.

Channel, J.E.T., Mareschal, J.C., 1989. Delamination and asymmetric lithospheric thickening in the development of the Tyrrhenian Rift. In: Coward M.P., Dietrich D., and Park R.G. (Eds.), Alpine tectonics. Geol. Soc. London, Spec. Publ. 45, 285-300.

Channell, J.E.T., 1996. Paleomagnetism and paleogeography of Adria, in Paleomagnetism and Tectonics of the Mediterranean Region, edited by A. Morris and D. H. Tarling, Geol. Soc. London Spec. Publ., 105, 119-132.

Channell, J.E.T., Oldow, J.S., Catalano, R., D'Argenio, B., 1990. Paleomagnetically determined rotations in the western sicilian fold and thrust belt. Tectonics 9, 641-660.

Chelazzi, L., Bindi, L., Olmi, F., Peccerillo, A., Menchetti, S., Conticelli, S., 2006. A lamproitic component in the high-K calc-alkaline volcanic rocks of the Capraia Island, Tuscan Magmatic Province: evidence from clinopyroxene crystal chemical data. Per. Mineral. 75, 75-94.

Cherchi, A., Mancin, N., Montadert, L., Murru, M., Putzu, M.T., Schiavinotto, F., Verrubbi, V., 2008. The stratigraphic response to the Oligo-Miocene extension in the western Mediterranean from observations on the Sardinia graben system (Italy). Bull. Soc. Geol. Fr. 179, 267-287.

Chiarabba, C., De Gori, P, Speranza, F., 2008. The southern Tyrrhenian subduction zone: Deep geometry, magmatism and Plio-Pleistocene evolution. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 268, 408-423.

Chopin, C., 1984. Coesite and pure pyrope in high-grade blueschists of the Western Alps: a first record and some consequences. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 86, 107-118.

Ciarapica, G., Passeri, L., 2005. Late Triassic and Early Jurassic sedimentary evolution of the Northern Apennines: an overview. Boll. Soc. Geol. It. 124, 189-201.

Cibin, U, Tateo, F., Catanzariti, R., Martelli, L., Rio, D., 1991. Composizione, origine ed età del vulcanismo andesitico oligocenica inferiore dell’Appennino settentrionale: le intercalazioni vulcano-derivate nella Formazione di Ranzano. Boll. Soc. Geol. It. 117, 569-591.

Cinque, A., Civetta, L., Orsi, G., Peccerillo, A., 1988. Geology and geochemistry of the island of Ustica (Southern Tyrrhenian Sea). Rend. Soc. It. Mineral. Petrol. 43, 987-1002.

Civetta, L., D'Antonio, M., Orsi, G., Tilton, G.R., 1998. The geochemistry of volcanic rocks from Pantelleria island, Sicily channel: petrogenesis and characteristics of the mantle source region. J. Petrol. 39, 1453-1491

Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (1992), Structural Model of Italy and Gravity Map. Progetto Finalizzato Geodinamica. Quaderni de “La Ricerca Scientifica”, 114, Vol. 3.

Conti, P., Carmignani, L., Funedda, A., 2001. Change of nappe transport direction during the Variscan collisional evolution of central-southern Sardinia (Italy). Tectonophysics 332, 255-273.

Conti, M.A., Morsilli, M., Nicosia, U., Sacchi, E., Savino, V., Wagensommer, A., Di Maggio, L., Gianolla P., 2005. Jurassic Dinosaur Footprints from Southern Italy: Footprints as Indicators of Constraints in Paleogeographic Interpretation, Palaios 20, 534-550.

Conticelli, S., Melluso, L., Perini, G., Avanzinelli, R., Boari, E., 2004. Petrologic, geochemical and isotopic characteristics of potassic and ultrapotassic magmatism in central-southern Italy: inferences on its genesis and on the nature of mantle sources. In: Conticelli S. and Melluso L. (Eds) A showcase of the Italian research in petrology: magmatism in Italy. Per. Mineral. Spec. Issue 73, 135-164.

Conticelli, S., D’Antonio, M., Pinarelli, L., Civetta, L., 2002. Source contamination and mantle heterogeneity in the genesis of Italian potassic and ultrapotassic volcanic rocks: Sr-Nd-Pb isotope data from Roman Province and southern Tuscany. Mineral. Petrol. 74, 189-222.

Conticelli, S., Guarnieri, L., Farinelli, A., Mattei, M., Avanzinelli, A., Bianchini, G., Boari, E., Tommasini, S., Tiepolo, M., Prelevic, D., Venturelli, G., 2009. Trace elements and Sr-Nd-Pb isotopes of K-rich, shoshonitic, and calc-alkaline magmatism of the Western Mediterranean Region: genesis of ultrapotassic to calc-alkaline magmatic associations in a post-collisional geodynamic setting. Lithos 107, 68-92.

Corsaro, R.A., Pompilio, M., 2004. Dynamics of magmas at Mount Etna In: Mt. Etna: volcano laboratory. Am. Geophys. Un. Monograph. Series 143, 91-110

Corti, G., Cuffaro, M., Doglioni, C., Innocenti, F., Manetti P., 2006. Coexisting geodynamic processes in the Sicily Channel. In: Y. Dilek & S. Pavlides (Eds), Postcollisional tectonics and magmatism in the Mediterranean region and Asia. Geol. Soc. Am. Spec. Paper 409, 83-96.

Crespi, M., Cuffaro, M., Doglioni, C., Giannone, F., Riguzzi, F., 2007. Space geodesy validation of the global lithospheric flow. Geophys. J. Int. 168, 491-506.

Critelli, S., Monaco, C., 1993. Depositi vulcanoclastici nell’unità del flysch calabro-lucano (complesso liguride, Appennino meridionale). Boll. Soc. Geol. It. 112, 121-132.

Csontos, L., Voros, A., 2004. Mesozoic plate tectonic reconstruction of the Carpathian region. Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclimatol., Palaeoecol., 210, 1-56.Dal Piaz G.V. (2001) - History of tectonic interpretations of the Alps. J. Geodyn. 32, 99-114.

Cuffaro, M., Caputo, M., Doglioni, C., 2008. Plate subrotations. Tectonics 27, TC4007, (doi:10.1029/2007TC002182)

D’Orazio, M., Innocenti, F., Tonarini, S., Doglioni, C., 2007. Carbonatites in a subduction system: the Pleistocene alvikites from Mt. Vulture (southern Italy). Lithos 98, 313-334.

Dal Piaz, G.V., Cortiana, G., Del Moro, A., Martin, S., Pennacchioni, G., Tartarotti, P., 2001. Tertiary age and paleostructural inferences of the eclogitic imprint in the Austroalpine outliers and Zermatt-Saas ophiolite, western Alps. Int. J. Earth Sci. 90, 668-684.

Dal Piaz G.V., Del Moro A., Martin S., Venturelli G., 1988. Post-Collisional Magmatism in the Ortler-Cevedale Massif (Northern Italy). Jb. Geol. Bundesanstalt. 131, 533-551.

Dal Piaz G.V., Hunziker J.C., Martinotti G., 1972. La Zona Sesia-Lanzo e l'evoluzione tettonico-metamorfica delle Alpi nordoccidentali interne. Mem. Soc. Geol. It. 11, 433-460.

De Astis, G., Peccerillo, A., Kempton, P.D., la Volpe, L., Wu, T.W., 2000. Transition from calcalkaline to potassium-rich magmatism in subduction environments: geochemical and Sr, Nd, Pb isotopic constraints from the Island of Vulcano (Aeolian Arc). Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 139, 684-703.

De Astis, G., Kempton, P.D., Peccerillo, A., Wu, T.W., 2006. Trace element and isotopic variations from Mt. Vulture to Campanian volcanoes: constraints for slab detachment and mantle inflow beneath southern Italy. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 151, 331-351.

De Fino, M., La Volpe, L., Piccarreta, G., 1981. Geochemistry and petrogenesis of the Paleocene platform magmatism at Punta delle Pietre Nere (southeastern Italy). N. Jb. Miner. Abh. 142, 161-177.

De Gori, P., Cimini, G.P., Chiarabba, C., De Natale, G., Troise, C., Deschamps, A., 2001. Teleseismic tomography of the Campanian volcanic area and surrounding Apenninic belt. J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 109, 55-75.

De Gregorio, S., Rotolo, S.G., Villa. I.M., 2003. Geochronology of the medium to high-grade metamorphic units of the Peloritani Mts., Sicily. Int. J. Earth Sci. 92, 852-872.

De Vita, S., Laurenzi, M.A., Orsi, G., Voltaggio, M., 1998. Application of 40Ar/39Ar and 230Th dating methods to the chronostratigraphy of quaternary basaltic volcanic areas: the Ustica Island case history. Quat. Int. 4, 117-127.

De Voogd, B., Truffert, C., Chamot-Rooke, N., Huchon, P., Lallemand, S., Le Pichon, X., 1992. Twoship deep seismic soundings in the basins of the Eastern mediterranean Sea (Parsiphaea cruise). Geophys. J. Int. 109, 536-552.

Della Vedova, B., Bellani, S., Pellis, G., Squarci, P., 2001. Deep temperatures and surface heat flow distribution. In: Vai G.B. & Martini I.P. (Eds.): “Anatomy of an orogen: the Apennines and adjacent Mediterranean basins”. Kluwer Academic Publishers: 65-76, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

Della Vedova, B., Pellis, G., Foucher, J.P., Rehault, J.P., 1984. Geothermal structure of the Tyrrhenian Sea. Mar. Geol. 55, 271-289.

Dercourt, J., Zonenshain, L.P., Ricou, L.E., Cazmin, V.G., le Pichon, X., Knipper, A.L., Grandjacquet, C., Sbortshikov, I.M., Geyssant, J., Lepvrier, C., Pechersky, D.H., Boulin, J., Sibuet, J.C., Savostin, L.A., Sorochtin, O., Westphal, M., Bazhenov, M.L., Lauer, J.P., Biju-Duval, B., 1986. Geological evolution of the Tethys belt from the Atlantic to the Pamirs since the Lias. Tectonophysics 123, 241-315.

Dercourt, J., Ricou, L.E., Vrielynck, B. (Eds.), 1992. Atlas Tethys Palaeoenvironmental Maps, 307 pp., Beicip-Franlab, Gauthier-Villars, Paris.

Devoti, C., Riguzzi, F., Cuffaro, M., Doglioni, C., 2008. New GPS constraints on the kinematics of the Apennines subduction. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 273, 163-174.

Dewey, J.F., Bird, J.M., 1970. Mountain belts and the new global tectonics. J. Geophys. Res. 75, 2625-2647.

Dewey, J.F., Helman, M.L., Turco, E., Hutton, D.H.W., Knott, S.D., 1989. Kinematics of the western Mediterranean. In Coward, M.P., Dietrich, D., Park R.G. (Eds.), Alpine tectonics, Geol. Soc. London Spec. Publ., 45, 421-443.

Dewey, J.F., Pitman, W.C., Ryan, W.B.F., Bonnin, J., 1973. Plate tectonics and the evolution of the Alpine system. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull. 84, 3137-3180.

Di Bella, M., Russo, S., Petrelli, M., Peccerillo, A., 2008. Origin and evolution of the Pleistocene magmatism of Linosa Island (Sicily Channel, Italy). Eur. J. Mineral. 20, 587-601.

Di Grande, A., Mazzoleni, P., Lo Giudice, A., Beccaluva, L., Macciotta, G., Siena, F., 2002. Subaerial Pio-Pleistocene volcanism in the geo-petrographic and structural conxet of the north/central Iblean region (Sicily). Per. Mineral., 71, 159-189.

Dietrich, D., 1988. Sense of overthrust shear in the Alpine nappes of Calabria (Southern Italy). J. Struct. Geol. 10, 373-81.

Doblas, M., Oyarzun, R., 1990. The late Oligocene-Miocene opening of the North Baleraric Sea (Valencia basin, western Mediterranean): a working hypothesis involving mantle upwelling and extensional detachment tectonics. Mar. Geol. 94, 155-163.

Doblas, M., Lopez-Ruiz, J., Cebrià, J.M., 2007. Cenozoic evolution of the Alborán Domain: a review of the tectonomagmatic models. In: Beccaluva L., Bianchini G., Wilson M. (Eds.) 2007a. Cenozoic volcanism in the Mediterranean area. Geol. Soc. Am. Spec. Paper 418, 303-320.

Doglioni, C., 1993. Geological evidence for a global tectonic polarity. J. Geol. Soc. London, 150, 991-1002.

Doglioni, C., 1987. Tectonics of the Dolomites (Southern Alps, Northern Italy). J. Struct. Geol. 9 181-193.

Doglioni, C., 1992. The Venetian Alps thrust belt. In: K.R. McClay (Ed): Thrust Tectonics, Chapman & Hall, 319-324, London.

Doglioni, C., 1994. Foredeeps versus subduction zones. Geology 22, 3, 271-274.

Doglioni, C., Carminati, E., 2002. The effects of four subductions in NE Italy. Mem. Sci. Geol. 54, 1-4.

Doglioni, C., Carminati, E., Cuffaro, M., Scrocca, D., 2007. Subduction kinematics and dynamic constraints. Earth-Sci Rev. 83, 125-175.

Doglioni, C., Gueguen, E., Harabaglia, P., Mongelli, F., 1999. On the origin of W-directed subduction zones and applications to the western Mediterranean. Geol. Soc. London Spec. Publ. 156, 541-561.

Doglioni, C., Innocenti, F., Mariotti, S., 2001. Why Mt. Etna? Terra Nova 13, 25-31.

Doglioni, C., Merlini, S., Cantarella, G., 1999. Foredeep geometries at the front of the Apennines in the Ionian Sea (central Mediterranean). Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 168, 243-254.

Doglioni, C., Mongelli, F., Pieri, P., 1994. The Puglia uplift (SE-Italy): an anomaly in the foreland of the Apenninic subduction due to buckling of a thick continental lithosphere. Tectonics 13, 1309-1321.

Doglioni, C., Mongelli, F., Pialli, C., 1998. Boudinage of the Alpine Belt in the Apenninic back-arc. Mem. Soc. Geol. It. 52, 457-468.

Doglioni, C., Tonarini, S., Innocenti, F., 2009. Mantle wedge asymmetries along opposite subduction zones. Lithos 113, 179-189.

Doglioni, C., 1991. A proposal for the kinematic modelling of W-dipping subductions; possible applications to the Tyrrhenian-Apennines system. Terra Nova 3, 423-434.

Doglioni, C., Bosellini, A., 1987. Eoalpine and Mesoalpine tectonics in the southern Alps, Geol. Rundsch. 76, 735-754.

Duggen, S., Hoernle, K., van den Bogaard, P. Harris, C., 2004. Magmatic evolution of the Alborán region: the role of subduction in forming the western Mediterranean and causing the Messinian salinity crisis. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 218, 91-108.

Duggen, S., Hoernle, K., van den Bogaard, P., Garbe-Schonberg, D., 2005. Post-collisional transition from subduction- to intraplate-type magmatism in the westernmost Mediterranean: evidence for continental-edge delamination of subcontinental lithosphere. J. Petrol. 46, 1155-1201.

Durazzo, A., Taylor, L.A., Shervais, J.W., 1984. Ultramafic lamprophyre in a carbonate platform environment, Mt. Queglia, Abruzzo, Italy. Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Abh. 150, 199-217.

Eagles, G., 2007. New angles on South Atlantic opening. Geophys. J. Int. 168, 353-361.

Elter, P., Grasso, M., Parotto, M., Mezzani, L., 2004. Structural setting of the Apennine-Maghrebian thrust belt. Episodes 26, 205-211.

Engi, M., Bousquet, R.,. Berger, A., 2004. Metamorphic structure of the Central Alps. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 149, 157-173.

Ernst, W.G., 1971. Metamorphic zonation of presumably subducted lithospheric plates from Japan, California and the Alps. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 34, 2053–2078.

Escrig, S., Capmas, F., Dupré, B., Allègre, C.J., 2004. Osmiun isotopic constraints on the nature of the DUPAL anomaly from Indian mid-ocean-ridge basalts. Nature 431, 59-63.

Esperança S., Crisci G.M., 1995. The island of Pantelleria: a case for the development of DMM-HIMU isotopic compositions in a long-lived extensional setting. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 136, 167-182.

EXXON Prooduction Research Company, 1994. Tectonic Map of the World, Panel 10, World Mapping Project, Am Ass Petr Geol Foundation.

Faccenna, C., Mattei, M., Funiciello, R., Jolivet, L., 1997. Styles of back-arc extension in the Central Mediterranean,. Terra Nova 9, 126-130.

Faccenna, C., Becker, T.W., Lucente, F.P., Jolivet, L., Rossetti, F., 2001. History of subduction and back-arc extension in the Central Mediterranean. Geophys. J. Int. 145, 809-820.

Faccenna, C., Speranza, D’Ajello Caracciolo, F., Mattei, M., Oggiano, G., 2002. Extensional tectonics on Sardinia (Italy): insights into the arc-back-arc transitional regime. Tectonophysics 356, 213-232.

Favali, P., De Santis, A., D’Anna, G., Di Sabatino, B., Sedita, M., Rubino, E., 2006. A new active volcano in the Tyrrhenian Sea? Ann. Geophys. 49, 793-800.

Ferré, E.C., Leake, B.E., 2001. Geodynamic significance of early orogenic high-K crustal and mantle melts: example of the Corsica Batholith. Lithos 59, 47-67.

Ferreiro-Maehlmann, R., 2001. Correlation of very low grade data to calibrate a thermal maturity model in a nappe tectonic setting, a case study from the Alps. Tectonophysics 334, 1–33.

Finetti, I., 1982. Structure, stratigraphy and evolution of central Mediterranean: Boll. Geof. Teor. Appl. 24, 247-315.

Finetti, I., Lentini, F., Carbone, S., Catalano, S., Del Ben, A., 1996. Il sistema Appennino meridionale-Arco Calabro-Sicilia nel Mediterraneo centrale: studio geologico-geofisico. Boll. Soc. Geol. It. 115, 529-559.

Francalanci, L., Avanzinelli, R., Petrone, C., Santo, P.A., 2004. Petrochemical and magmatological characteristics of the Aeolian Arc volcanoes, southern Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy: inferences on shallow level processes and magma source variations. In: Conticelli S. and Melluso L. (Eds.) a showcase of the Italian research in petrology: magmatism in Italy. Per. Mineral. Spec. Issue 73, 75-104.

Francalanci, L., Avanzinelli, R., Tommasini, S., Heumann, A., 2007. A west-east geochemical and isotopic traverse along the volcanism of the Aeolian Island arc, Southern Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy: inferences on mantle source processes. In: L. Beccaluva, G. Bianchini and M. Wilson (Eds.) Cenozoic volcanism in the Mediterranean area. Geol. Soc. Am. Spec. Paper 418, 235-263.

Franciosi, L., Lustrino, M., Melluso, L., Morra, V., D’Antonio, M., 2003. Geochemical characteristics and mantle sources of the Oligo-Miocene primitive basalts from Sardinia. Ofioliti 28, 105-114.

Frezzotti, M.L., Peccerillo, A., Panza, G., 2009. Carbonate metasomatism and CO2 lithosphere-asthenosphere degassing beneath the Western Mediterranean: an integrated model arising from petrological and geophysical data. Chem. Geol. 262, 108-120.

Fügenschuh, B., Schmid, S.M., 2003. Late stages of deformation and exhumation of an orogen constrained by fission-track data: A case study in the Western Alps. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull. 115, 1425-1440.

Garzanti, E., Canclini, S., Moretti Foggia, F., 2002. Unraveling magmatic and orogenic provenance in modern sand: the back-arc side of the Apennine thrust belt, Italy. J. Sedim. Res. 72, 2-17.

Garzanti, E., Canclini, S., Moretti Foggia, F., Petrella, N., 2002. Unraveling magmatic and orogenic provenances in modern sands: the back-arc side of the Apennine thrust-belt (Italy). J. Sedim. Res. 72, 2-17.

Gasparon, M., Rosenbaum, G., Wijbrans, J., Manetti, P., 2008. The transition from subduction arc to slab tearing: evidence from Capraia Island, northern Tyrrhenian Sea. J. Geodyn. 47, 30-38.

Gasperini, D., Blichert-Toft, J., Bosch, D., del Moro, A., Macera, P., Telouk, P., Albarède, F., 2000. Evidence from Sardinian basalt geochemistry for recycling of plume heads into the Earth's mantle. Nature 408, 701-704

Gasperini, D., Blichert-Toft, J., Bosch, D., Del Moro, A., Macera, P., Albarède, F., 2002. Upwelling of deep mantle material through a plate window: evidence from the geochemistry of Italian basaltic volcanics. J. Geophys. Res. 107, (doi: 10.1029/2001jb000418, 2002)

Gattacceca, J., Deino, A., Rizzo, R., Jones, D.S., Henry, B., Beaudoin, B., Vedeboin, F., 2007. Miocene rotation of Sardinia: new paleomagnetic and geochronological constraints and geodynamic implications. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 258, 359-377.

Giardini, D., Velonà, M., 1991. The deep seismicity of the Tyrrhenian Sea. Terra Nova 3, 57-64.

Gillot, P.Y., Kieffer, G., Romano, R., 1994. The evolution of Mount Etna in the light of potassium-argon dating. Acta Vulcanol. 5, 81-87.

Gioncada, A., Mazzuoli, R., Bisson, M., Pareschi, M.T., 2003. Petrology of volcanic products younger than 42 ka on the Lipari-Vulcano complex (Aeolian Islands, Italy): an example of volcanism controlled by tectonics. J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 122, 191-220.

Gorini, C., Le Marrec, A., Mauffret, A., 1993. Contribution to the structural and sedimentary history of the Gulf of Lions, (Western Mediterranean), from the ECORS profiles, industrial seismic profiles and well data. Bull. Soc. Géol. Fr. 164, 353-363.

Granet, M., Wilson, M., Achauer, U., 1995. Imaging a mantle plume beneath the French Massif Central. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 136, 281-296.

Gueguen, E., Doglioni, C., Fernandez, M., 1997. Lithospheric boudinage in the Western Mediterranean back-arc basins. Terra Nova 9, 184-187.

Gueguen, E., Doglioni, C., Fernandez, M., 1998. On the post 25 Ma geodynamic evolution of the western Mediterranean. Tectonophysics 298, 259-269.

Guerrera, F., Martin-Algarra, A., Perrone, V., 1993. Late Oligocene–Miocene syn- late-orogenic successions in Western and Central Mediterranean Chains from the Betic Cordillera to the Southern Apennines. Terra Nova 5, 525-44.

Guzzetti, F., Marchetti, M., Reichenbach, P., 1997. Large alluvial fans in the north-central Po Plain (northern Italy). Geomorphol. 18, 119-136.

Gvirtwman, Z., Nur A., 1999. The formation of Mount Etna as the consequence of slab rollback. Nature 401, 782-785

Handy M.R., Schmid S., Bousquet R., Kissling E., Bernoulli D., 2010. Reconciling plate-tectonic reconstructions of Alpine Tethys with the geological-geophysical record of spreading and subduction in the Alps. Earth-Science Reviews, (doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2010.06.002)

Hart, S.R., 1984. A large-scale isotope anomaly in the Southern Hemisphere mantle. Nature 309, 753-757.

Hawkesworth, C.J., Mantovani, M.S.M., Taylor, P.N., Palacz, Z., 1986. Evidence from the Paranà of South Brazil for a continental contribution to DUPAL basalts. Nature 322, 356-359.

Heymes, T., Monié, P., Arnaud, N., Pecher, A., Boullin, J.-P., Compagnoni, R., 2010. Alpine tectonics in the Calabrian-Peloritan Belt (southern Italy): new 40Ar/39Ar data in the Aspromonte Massif area. Lithos 114, 451-472.

Hoernle, K., Zhang, Y.S., Graham, D., 1995. Seismic and geochemical evidence for large-scale mantle upwelling beneath the eastern Atlantic and western and central Europe. Nature 374, 34-39

Iannace, A., Vitale, S., D'errico, M., Mazzoli, S., Di Staso, A., Macaione, E., Messina, A., Reddy, S.M., Somma, R., Zamparelli, V., Zattin, M., Bonardi, G., 2007. The carbonate tectonic units of northern Calabria (Italy): a record of Apulian palaeomargin evolution and Miocene convergence, continental crust subduction, and exhumation of HP–LT rocks. J. Geol. Soc. London Spec. Publ. 164, 1165-1186.

Ietto, A., Barilaro, A.M., 1993. L’unità di San Donato quale margine deformato cretacico-paleogenico del bacino di Lagonegro (Appennino meridionale-Arco-Calabro). Boll. Soc. Geol. It. 111, 193-215.

Improta, L., Iannaccone, G., Capuano, P., Zollo, A., Scandone, P., 2000. Inferences on the upper crustal structure of Southern Apennines (Italy) from seismic refraction investigations and subsurface data. Tectonophysics 317, 273-297.

Ivaldi, J.P., Bellon, H., Guardia, P., Mangan, C., Muller, C., Perez, J.L., Terramorsi, S., 2003. Contexte lithostructural, ages 40K-40Ar et géochimie du volcanisme calco-alcalin Tertiarie de Cap-D'Ail dans le tunnel ferroviaire de Monaco. Compt. Rend. Geosci. 335, 411-421.

Johnston, S.T., Mazzoli, S., 2009. The Calabrian Orocline: buckling of a previously more linear orogen. Geol. Soc. London Spec. Publ., 327, 113-125.

Jolivet, L., Dubois, R., Fournier, M., Goffe, B., Michard A., Jourdan, C., 1990. Ductile extension in alpine Corsica. Geology 18, 1007-1010.

Kastens, K., Mascle, J., Auroux, C., Bonatti, E., Broglia, C., Channell, J., Curzi, P., Emeis, K.-C., Claçon, G., Hasegawa, S., Kieke, W., Mascle, G., McCoy, F., McKenzie, J., Mendelson, J., Muller, C., Réhault, J.-P., Robertson, A., Sartori, R., Sprovieri, R., Torii, M., 1988. ODP Leg 107 in the Tyrrhenian Sea: Insights into passive margin and back-arc basin evolution. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull. 100, 1140-1156.

Kligfield, R., Hunziker, J., Dallmeyer, R. D., Schamel, S., 1986. Dating of deformation phases using K–Ar and 40Ar/39Ar techniques - Results from the Northern Apennines. J. Struct. Geol. 8, 781-798.

Knott, S.D., 1987. The Liguride Complex of southern Italy – a Cretaceous to Paleogene accretionary wedge. Tectonophysics 142, 217-26.

Korenaga, T., Korenaga, J., 2008. Subsidence of normal oceanic lithosphere, apparent thermal expansivity, and seafloor flattening. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 268, 41-51.

Laubscher, H.P., 1969. Mountain building. Tectonophysics 7, 551-563.

Laubscher, H.P., 1970. Bewegung und Wa¨ rme in der alpinen Orogenese. Schweiz. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt. 50, 503-534.

Laubscher, H.P., 1971. The large-scale kinematics of the Western Alps and the Northern Apennines and its palinspastic implications. Am. J. Sci. 271, 193-226.

Laubscher, H.P., 1990. Deep seismic data from the central Alps: mass distributions and their kinematics. Mem. Soc. Geol. It. , Spec. Vol. 1, 335-343.

Lavecchia, G., Creati, N., 2006. A mantle plume head trapped in the transition zone beneath the Mediterranean: a new idea. Ann. Geophys. 49, 373-387.

Le Bas, M.J., Le Maitre, R.W., Streckeisen A., Zanettin, B., 1986. A chemical classification of volcanic rocks based on the total alkali-silica diagram. J. Petrol. 27, 745-750.

Lenci, F., Carminati, E., Doglioni, C., Scrocca, D., 2004. Basal décollement and subduction depth vs topography in the Apennines. Mem. Soc. Geol. It. 123, 497-502.

Lentini, F., Carbone, S., Catalano, S., Di Stefano, A., Gargano, C., Romeo, M., Strazzulla, S., Vinci, G., 1995. Sedimentary evolution of basins in mobile belts: examples from the Tertiary terrigenous sequences of the Peloritani Mountains (NE Sicily). Terra Nova 7, 161-170.

Liberi, F., Morten, L., Piluso, E., 2006. Geodynamic significance of ophiolites within the Calabrian Arc. Island Arc 15, 26-43.

Lippitsch, R., Kissling, E., Ansorge, J. 2003. Upper mantle structure beneath the Alpine orogen from high-resolution teleseismic tomography. J. Geophys. Res. 108, 2376, (doi:10.1029/2002JB002016)

Locardi, E., Nicolich, R., 2005. Crust-mantle structures and Neogene-Quaternary magmatism in Italy. Boll. Soc. Geof. Teor. Appl. 46, 169-180.

Lucente, F.P., Margheriti, L., Piromallo, C., Barruol, G., 2006. Seismic anisotropy reveals the long route of the slab through the western-central Mediterranean mantle. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 241, 517-529.

Lustrino, M., Carminati, E., 2007. Phantom plumes in Europe and the circum-Mediterranean region. In: G.R. Foulger and D.M. Jurdy (Eds.) The origins of melting anomalies: Plumes, Plates and Planetary Processes. Geol. Soc. Am. Spec. Paper 430, 723-746.

Lustrino, M., Wilson, M., 2007. The Circum-Mediterranean Anorogenic Cenozoic Igneous Province. Earth- Sci. Rev. 81, 1-65.

Lustrino, M., Melluso, L., Morra, V., 2000. The role of lower continental crust and lithospheric mantle in the genesis of Plio-Pleistocene volcanic rocks from Sardinia (Italy). Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 180, 259-270.

Lustrino, M., Morra, V., Fedele, L., Franciosi, L., 2009. The beginning of the Apennine subduction system in central-western Mediterranean: constraints from Cenozoic “orogenic” magmatic rocks of Sardinia (Italy). Tectonics. (doi: 10.1029/2008TC002419)

Lustrino, M., 2000. Phanerozoic geodynamic evolution of the circum-Italian realm. Int. Geol. Rev. 42, 724-757.

Lustrino, M., Duggen, S., Rosenberg, C.L., 2011. The central-western Mediterranean: anomalous igneous activity in an anomalous collisional tectonic setting. Earth-Sci. Rev. 104, 1-40.

Lustrino, M., Melluso, L., Morra, V., 2007a. The geochemical peculiarità of “Plio-Quaternary” volcanic rocks of Sardinia in the circum-Mediterranean area. In: L. Beccaluva, G. Bianchini and M. Wilson (eds.) Cenozoic volcanism in the Mediterranean area. Geol. Soc. Am. Spec. Paper, 418, 277-301.

Lustrino, M., Morra, V., Fedele, L., Serracino, M., 2007b. The transitino between “orogenic” and “anorogenic” magmatism in teh western Mediterranean area: the Middle Miocene volcanic rocks of Isola del Toro (SW Sardinia, Italy). Terra Nova 19, 148-159.

Lustrino, M., Morra, V., Melluso, L., Brotzu, P., d’Amelio, F., Fedele, L., Franciosi, L., Lonis, R., Petteruti Liebercknecht A.M., 2004. The Cenozoic igneous activity of Sardinia. Per. Mineral. 73, 105-134.

Maccioni, L., Marchi, M., 1994. Eocene magmatic activity in Sardinia - Italy. (New occurrence of alkaline Lamprophyre). Miner. Petrogr. Acta 37, 199-210.

Maerten, L., Séranne, M., 1995. Extensional tectonics in the Oligo-Miocene Hérault Basin (S. France), Gulf of Lion margin. Bull. Soc. Géol. Fr. 166, 739-749.

Mahoney, J.J., LeRoex, A.P., Peng, Z., Fisher, R.L., Natland, J.H., 1992. Southwestern limits of Indian Ocean ridge mantle and the origin of low 206Pb/204Pb mid-ocean ridge basalt: isotope systematics of the central Southwest Indian Ridge (178-508E). J. Geophys. Res. 97, 19771-19790.

Malinverno, A., Ryan, W.B.F., 1986. Extension in the Tyrrhenian Sea and shortening in the Apennines as result of arc migration driven by sinking of the lithosphere. Tectonics 5, 227-245.

Mantovani, E., Albarello, D., Babbucci, D., Tamburelli, C., Viti, M., 2002. Arc-Trench-Back arc stystems in the Mediterranean area: examples of extrusion tectonics. J. Virt. Expl. 8, 1-16.

Mantovani, E., Babbucci, D., Albarello, D., Mucciarelli, M., 1990. Deformation pattern in the central Mediterranean and behavior of the African/Adriatic promontory. Tectonophysics 179, 63- 79.

Marchant, R.H.,.Stampfli, G.M., 1997. Subduction of continental crust in the Western Alps. Tectonophysics 269, 217-235.

Mariotti, G., Doglioni, C., 2000. The dip of the foreland monocline in the Alps and Apennines. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 181, 191-202.

Martì, J., Mitjavila, J., Roca, E., Aparicio, A., 1992. Cenozoic magmatism of the Valencia Trough (western Mediterranean): relationship between structural evolution and volcanism. Tectonophysics 203, 145-165.

Mattioli, M., Guerrera, F., Tramontana, M., Raffaelli, G., D'Atri, M., 2000. High-Mg Tertiary basalts in southern Sardinia (Italy). Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 179, 1-7.

Mattioli, M., Di Battistini, G., Zanzucchi, G., 2002a. Petrology, geochemistry and age of the volcanic clasts from the Canetolo Unit (Northern Apennines, Italy). Boll. Soc. Geol. It. Vol. Spec. 1, 399-416.

Mattioli, M., Di Battistini, G., Zanzucchi, G., 2002b. Geochemical features of the Tertiary buried Mortara volcanic body (Northern Apennines, Italy). Boll. Soc. Geol. It. Vol. Spec. 1, 239-249.

Mauffret, A., 2007. The Northwestern (Maghreb) boundary of the Nubia (Africa) Plate. Tectonophysics 429, 21-44.

Mazzoli, S., Helman, M., 1994. Neogene patterns of relative plate motion for Africa– Europe: some implications for recent central Mediterranean tectonics. Geol. Rund. 83, 464- 468.

Mele, G., 1998. High-Frequency Wave Propagation from Mantle Earthquakes in the Tyrrhenian Sea: New Constraints for the Geometry of the south Tyrrhenian Subduction Zone, Geophys. Res. Letters 25, 2877-2880.

Mele, G., 2001. The Adriatic lithosphere is a promontory of the Africa Plate; Evidence of a continuous mantle lid in the Ionian Sea from efficient Sn propagation. Geophys. Res. Lett. 28, 431-434.

Melluso, L., Morra, V., Di Girolamo, P., 1996. The Mt. Vulture volcanic complex (Italy): evidence for distinct parental magmas and for residual melts with melilite. Mineral. Petrol. 56, 225-250.

Merlini, S., Doglioni, C., Fantoni, R., Ponton, M., 2002. Analisi strutturale lungo un profilo geologico tra la linea Fella-Sava e l’avampaese adriatico (Friuli Venezia Giulia-Italia). Mem. Soc. Geol. It., 57, 293-300.

Michard, A. Negro, F., Saddiqi, O., Bouybaouene, M.-L., Chalouan, A., Montigny, R., Goffé B., 2006. Pressure-temperature-time constraints on the Maghrebides mountain building: evidence from the Rif transect (Morocco), Kabylian correlations (Algeria) and geodynamic implications, C. R. Geosci. 338, 92-114.

Milli, S., Moscatelli, M., Stanzione, O., Falcini, F., 2007. Sedimentology and physical stratigraphy of the Messinian turbidite deposits of the Laga Basin (central Apennines, Italy). Boll. Soc. Geol. It. 126, 255-281.

Molli, G., Tribuzio, R., Marquer, D., 2006. Deformation and metamorphism at the eastern border of the Tenda Massif (NE Corsica): A record of subduction and exhumation of continental crust, J. Struct. Geol. 28, 1748-1766.

Molli, G., 2008. Northern Apennine-Corsica orogenic system: an updated review, in Tectonic aspects of the Alpine-Dinaride-Carpathian System, edited by S. Siegesmund, B. Fugenschuh, and N. Froitzheim. Geol. Soc. London Spec. Publ. 298, 413-442.

Molli, G., Giorgetti, G., Meccheri, M., 2000b. Structural and petrological constraints on the tectonometamorphic evolution of the Massa Unit (Alpi Apuane, NW Tuscany, Italy). Geol. J. 35, 251-264.

Mongelli F., Loddo, M., Calcagnile, G., 1975. Some observationson the Apennines gravity field. Earth Planet. Sci. Letters 24, 385-393.

Montanari, A., Deino, A., Coccioni, R., Langenheim, V., Capo, R., Monechi, S., 1991. Geochronology, Sr isotope magnetostratigraphy, and plankton stratigraphy across the Oligocene-Miocene boundary in the Contessa section (Gubbio, Italy). Newsl. Stratigr. 23, 151-180.

Montanini, A., Tribuzio, R. Vernia L., 2008. Petrogenesis of basalts and gabbros from an ancient continent-ocean transition (External Liguride Ophiolites, Northern Italy). Lithos 101, 453-479.

Montelli, R., Nolet, G., Dahlen, F.A., Masters, G., Engdahl, E.R., Hung, S.H., 2004. Finite-frequency tomography reveals a variety of plumes in the mantle. Science 303, 338-343.

Montone, P., Mariucci, M.T., Pondrelli S., Amato, A., 2004. An improved stress map for Italy and surrounding regions (central Mediterranean), J. Geophys. Res. 109, B10410, (doi: 10.1029/2003JB002703)

Morelli, C., 1998. Lithospheric structure and geodynamics of the Italian peninsula derived from geophysical data: a review. Mem. Soc. Geol. It. 52, 113-122.

Morelli, C., 1970. Physiography, Gravity and. Magnetism of the Tyrrhenian Sea. Boll. Geof. Teor. Appl. 12, 274-308.

Morra, V., Secchi, F.A., Assorgia, A., 1994. Petrogenetic significance of peralkaline rocks from Cenozoic calc-alkaline volcanism from SW Sardinia, Italy. Chem. Geol. 118, 109-142.

Morra, V., Secchi, F.A.G., Melluso, L., Franciosi, L., 1997. High-Mg subduction-related Tertiary basalts in Sardinia, Italy. Lithos 40, 69-91.

Mutti, E., Tinterri, R., Remacha, E., Mavilla, N., Angella, S., Fava, L., 1999. An introduction to the analysis of ancient turbidite basins from an outcrop perspective. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Continuing Education Course Note Series, 39, American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Tulsa, UK, 61 pp.

Muttoni, G., Kent, D.V., Channel, J.E.T., 1996. Evolution of Pangea: paleomagnetic constraints from the southern Alps, Italy. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 140, 97-112.

Muttoni, G., Garzanti, E., Alfonsi, L., Cirilli, S., Germani, D., Lowrie, W., 2001. Motion of Africa and Adria since the Permian: paleomagnetic and paleoclimatic constraints from Northern Libya. Earth Planet. Sci.Lett. 192, 159-174.

Nicolich, R., Dal Piaz G.V., 1992. Moho isobaths. Structural Model of Italy. Scale 1:500,000. Quaderni de “La Ricerca Scientifica” 114 (3), CNR.

Nicolich, R., 2001. Deep seismic transects. In: Vai G.B. & Martini I.P. (Eds.): “Anatomy of an orogen: the Apennines and adjacent Mediterranean basins”. Kluwer Academic Publishers: 47-52, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

Nocquet, J. M., Calais, E., 2003. Crustal velocity field of western Europe from permanent GPS array solutions, 1996 – 2001. Geophys. J. Int. 154, 72–88.

Ogniben, L., 1969. Schema Introduttivo alla geologia del confine calabro-lucano. Mem. Soc. Geol. It. 8, 453-763.

Oldow, J.S., Channell, J.E.T., Catalano, R., D’argenio, B., 1990. Contemporaneous thrusting and large-scale rotations in the Western Sicilian fold and thrust belt. Tectonics 9, 661-681.

Ori, G.G., 1993. Continental depositional systems of the Quaternary of the Po Plain (northern Italy), Sedim. Geol. 83, 1-14.

Orszag-Sperber, F., Pilot, M.D., 1976. Grand traits du Nèogène de Corse. Bull. Soc. Gèol. Fr. 18, 1183-1187.

Ottaviani-Spella, M.-M., Girard, M., Rochette, P., Cheilletz, A., Thinon, M., 2001. Le volcanisme acide burdigalian du Sud de la Corse: patrologie, datation K-Ar, paléomagnétisme. C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 333, 113-120.

Owen, J.P., 2008. Geochemistry of lamprophyres from the Western Alps, Italy: implications for the origin of an enriched isotopic component of the Italian mantle. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 155, 341-362.

Panza, G., Raykova, R.B., Carminati, E., Doglioni C., 2007. Upper mantle flow in the western Mediterranean. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 257, 200-214.

Panza, G.F., Scandone, P., Calcagnile, G., Mueller, S., Suhadolc, P., 1992. The lithosphere-astenosphere system in Italy and surrounding regions. In: Structural Model of Italy (G. Bigi, D. Cosentino, M. Parotto, R. Sartori, P. Scandone, eds.), CNR.

Pasci, S., 1997. Tertiary trascurrent tectonics of north-central Sardinia. Bull. Soc. Geol. Fr. 168, 301-312.

Patacca, E., Scandone, P., 1989. Post-Tortonian mountain building in the Apennines. The role of the passive sinking of a relic lithospheric slab. In: The Lithosphere in Italy, (A. Boriani et al., eds.). Acc. Naz. Lincei 80, 157-176.

Patacca, E., Sartori, R., Scandone, P., 1990. Tyrrhenian basin and Appeninic Arcs: kinematic relations since late Tortonian times. Mem. Soc. Geol. It. 45, 425-451.

Peccerillo, A., Martinotti, G., 2006. The Western mediterranean lamproitic magmatism: origin and geodynamic significance. Terra Nova 18, 109-117.

Peccerillo, A., Panza, G.F., Aoudia, A., Frezzotti, M.L., 2008. Relationships between magmatism and lithosphere-asthenosphere structure in the Western Mediterranean and implications for geodynamics. Rend. Lincei 19, 291-309.

Peccerillo, A., 2005. Plio-Quaternary volcanism in Italy. Petrology, geochemistry, geodynamics. Springer, Heidelberg, 365 pp.

Peccerillo, A., 1985. Roman comagmatic province (central Italy): Evidence for subduction-related magma genesis. Geology 13, 103-106.

Peccerillo, A., Lustrino, M., 2005. Compositional variations of Plio-Quaternary magmatism in the circum-Tyrrhenian area: deep versus shallow mantle processes. In: Foulger, G.R., Natland, J.H., Presnall, D.C., Anderson, D.L. (eds.) Plates, Plumes and Paradigms, Geol. Soc. Am. Spec. Paper 388, 421-434.

Peccerillo, A., Poli, G., Serri, G., 1988. Petrogenesis of orenditic and kamafugitic rocks from central Italy. Can. Mineral. 26, 45-65.

Pescatore, T.S., Renda, P., Schiattarella, M., Tramutoli, M., 1999. Stratigraphic and structural relatioships between Meso-Cenozoic Lagonegro basin and coeval carbonate platforms in southern Apennines, italy. Tectonophysics 315, 269-286.

Pieri, M., Groppi, G., 1981. Subsurface geological structure of the Po plain, Italy. CNR, Progetto Finalizzato Geodinamica 414, 1-13.

Pieri, M., 1983. Three seismic profiles through the Po Plain. In: Seismic expression of structural styles, (A.W. Bally, ed.). Am. Ass. Petrol. Geol. Studies in Geology 15, 1-8.

Piromallo, C., Morelli, A., 1997. Imaging the Mediterranean upper mantle by P-wave travel time tomography. Ann. Geof. 40, 963-979.

Poli, G., Perugini, D., Rocchi, S., Dini, A. (Eds), 2003. Miocene to recent plutonism and volcanism in the Tuscan magmatic province (central Italy). Per. Mineral. Spec. Issue 78, 244 pp.

Polino, R., Dal Piaz, G.V., Gosso, G., 1990. Tectonic erosion at the Adria margin and accretionary processes for the Cretaceous orogeny of the Alps. Mém. Soc. Géol. Fr. 156, 345-367.

Ponton, M., 2010. Architettura delle Alpi Friulane. Pubblicazione del Museo Friulano di Storia NAturale, v. 52, 80 pp.

Principi, G., Treves, B., 1984. Il sistema Corso-Appenninico come prisma di accrezione. Riflessi sul problema generale del limite Alpi-Appennini. Mem. Soc. Geol. It. 28, 549-576.

Ratschbacher, L., Frisch, W., Linzer, H.G., 1991. Lateral extrusion in the Eastern Alps, part 2: Structural analysis. Tectonics 10, 257-271.

Réhault, J.P., Mascle, J., Boillot, G., 1984. Evolution géodynamique de la Méditerranée depuis l'Oligocène. Mem. Soc. Geol. It. 27, 85-96.

Reuther, C.-D., Eisbacher, G.H., 1985. Pantelleria rift-crustal extension in a convergent intraplate setting. Geol. Rundsch. 74, 585-597

Ricci Lucchi, F., 1990. Turbidites in foreland and on-thrust basins of the northern Apennines. Paleogeogr., Paleoclimatol., Paleoecol. 77, 51-66.

Ricci Lucchi, F., 1986. The Oligocene to Recent foreland basins of the northern Apennines. In: Foreland Basins, (P.A. Allen and P. Homewood, eds.). Spec. Publ. Intern. Ass. Sedim., 8, 105-140

Robin, C., Colantoni, P., Gennesseaux, M., Rehault, J.P., 1987. Vavilov seamount: A mildly alkaline Quaternary volcano in the Tyrrhenian Basin. Mar. Geol. 78, 125-136.

Rollet, N., Déverchère, J., Beslier, M.-O., Guennoc, P., Réhault, J.-P., Sosson, M., Truffert, C., 2002. Back arc extension, tectonic inheritance, and volcanism in the Ligurian Sea, Western Mediterranean. Tectonics 21, 3, 1015, (doi:10.1029/2001TC900027)

Rosenbaum, G., Lister, G.S., 2004. Neogene and Quaternary rollback evolution of the Tyrrhenian Sea, the Apennines, and the Sicilian Maghrebides. Tectonics, 23, TC1013, (doi: 10.1029/2003TC001518)

Rosenbaum G., Lister, G.S., 2005. The Western Alps from the Jurassic to Oligocene: spatio-temporal constraints and evolutionary reconstructions. Earth-Sci. Rev. 69, 281-306.

Rosenbaum, G., Gasparon, M., Lucente, F.P., Peccerillo, A., Miller, M.S., 2008. Kinematics of slab tear faults duringo subduction segmentation and implications for Italian magmatism. Tectonics 27, (doi:10.1029/2007TC002143)

Rosenbaum G., Lister, G.S., Duboz, C., 2002a. Reconstruction of the tectonic evolution of the western Mediterranean since the Oligocene. J. Virt. Expl. 8, 107-130.

Rosenbaum, G., Lister, G.S., Duboz, C., 2002b. Relative motions of Africa, Iberia and Europe during Alpine Orogeny. Tectonophysics 359, 117-129.

Rosenberg, C.L., 2004. Shear zones and magma ascent: a model based on a review of the Tertiary magmatism in the Alps. Tectonics 23, TC3002, (doi:10.1029/2003TC001526)

Rosenberg, C.L., Berger, A., 2009. On the causes and modes of exhumation and lateral growth of the Alps. Tectonics 28, TC6001, (doi:10.1029/2008TC002442)

Rossetti, F., Faccenna, C., Goffé, B., Monié, P., Argentieri, A., Funiciello R., Mattei, M., 2001b. Alpine structural and metamorphic signature of the Sila Piccola Massif nappe stack (Calabria, Italy): Insights for the tectonic evolution of the Calabrian Arc. Tectonics 20, 112-33.

Rossetti, F., Faccenna, C., Jolivet, L., Funiciello, R., Tecce, F., Brunet, C., 1999. Syn- versus post-orogenic extension: the case study of Giglio Island (Northern Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy). Tectonophysics 304, 71-93.

Rossetti, F., Faccenna, C., Jolivet, L., Funiciello, R., Goffé, B., Tecce, F., Brunet, C., Monié, P., Vidal, O., 2001a. Structural signature and exhumation P–T–t path of the Gorgona blueschist sequence (Tuscan archipelago, Italy). Ofioliti 26, 175-186.

Rossi, P.L., Tranne, C.A., Calanchi, N., Lanti, E., 1996. Geology, stratigraphy and volcanological evolution of the island of Linosa (Sicily Channel). Acta Vulcanol. 8, 73-90.

Rossi, P., Guennoc, P., Réhault, J.P., Arnaud, N., Jakni, B., Poupeau, G., Tegyey, M., Ferrandini, J., Sosson, M., Beslier, M.O., Rollet, N., Gloaguen, R., 1998. Importance du volcanisme calco-alcalin Miocène sur la marge sud-ouest de la Corse (campagne MARCO). Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris 327, 369-376.

Rotolo, S.G., Castorina, F., Cellura, D., Pompilio, M., 2006. Petrology and geochemistry of submarine volcanism in the Sicily Channel Rift. J. Geol. 114, 355-365.

Roure, F., Polino, R., Nicolich, R., 1990b. Early neogene deformation beneath the Po plain: constraints on the postcollisional Alpine evolution. Mém. Soc. Géol. Fr. 156, 309-322.

Roure, F., Howell, D.G., Muller, C., Moretti, L., 1990a, Late Cenozoic subduction complex of Sicily. J. Struct. Geol. 12, 259-266.

Royden, L., Patacca, E., Scandone, P., 1987. Segmentation and configuration of subducted lithosphere in Italy: An important control on thrust-belt and foredeep-basin evolution. Geology 15, 714-717.

Ruffini, R., Cadoppi, P., 1994. Evidence of trachytic and rhyolitic volcanism in the Miocene succession of Monferrato (NW Italy). Atti Tic. Sci. Terra, Ser. Speciale 1, 297-311.

Ruffini, R., Polino, R., Callegari, E., Hunziker, J.C., Pfeifer, H.R., 1997. Volcanic clast rich turbidites of the Taveyanne Sandstones from the Thônes syncline (Savoie, France): records for a Tertiary postcollisional volcanism. Schweiz. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt. 77, 161-174.

Salustri Galli, C., Torrini, A., Doglioni, C., Scrocca, D., 2002. Divide and highest mountains vs subduction in the Apennines. Studi Geol. Cam. 1, 143-153.

Santantonio, M., Carminati, E., (in press) The Jurassic rifting evolution of the Apennines and Southern Alps (Italy): Parallels and differences. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull.

Santantonio, M., 1994. Pelagic Carbonate Platforms in the Geologic Record: Their Classification, and Sedimentary and Paleotectonic Evolution: Am. Ass. Petrol. Geol. Bull. 78, 122-141.

Sartori, R., 1986. Notes on the geology of the acoustic basement in the Tyrrhenian Sea. Mem. Soc. Geol. Ital. 36, 99-108.

Sartori, R., 1990. The main results of ODP Leg 107 in the frame of Neogene to Recent geology of perityrrhenian areas. In: Kastens, K.A., Mascle, J., et al. (Eds.), Proc. ODP Sci. Res. 107, 715- 730.

Sartori, R., Carrara, G., Torelli, L., Zitellini, N., 2001. Neogene evolution of the southwestern Tyrrhenian Sea (Sardinia Basin and western Bathyal Plain). Mar. Geol. 175, 47-66.

Sartori, R., 2005. Bedrock geology of the Tyrrhenian Sea insight on Alpine paleogeography and magmatic evolution of the basin. In: Crop Project: Deep Seismic Exploration of the Central Mediterranean and italy. Finetti I.R. (Ed.). Elsevier Science, The Netherlands, Atlases in Geoscience 1, 69-80.

Savelli, D., Wezel, F.C., 1979. Morfologia e stile tettonico del Bacino Tirrenico. P.F. CNR Oceanografia e fondi marini. Gruppo ‘‘Bacini Sedimentari’’.

Sborshchikov, I.M., Al'mukhamedov, A.I., 1992. Submarine volcanoes of the Tyrrhenian Sea - testaments to the opening of a backarc basin. Int. Geol. Rev. 34, 166-177.

Scalera, G., 2006. The Mediterranean as a slowly nascent ocean. Ann. Geophys. 49, 451-482.

Scandone, P., 1979. Origin of the Tyrrhenian Sea and Calabrian Arc. Boll. Soc. Geol. It., 98, 27-34.

Scandone, P., Giunta, G., Liguori, V., 1974. The connection between Apulia and Sahara continental margins in the Southern Apennines and in Sicily. Mem. Soc. Geol. It. 13, 317-323.

Scarascia, S., Lozej, A., Cassinis, R., 1994. Crustal structures of the Ligurian, Tyrrhenian and Ionian seas and adjacent onshore areas interpreted from wide-angle seismic profiles. Boll. Geof. Teor. Appl. 36, 5-19.

Schettino, A., Turco, E., 2006. Plate kinematics of the Western Mediterranean region during the Oligocene and Early Miocene. Geophys. J. Int. 166, 1398-1423.

Schiano, P., Clocchiatti, R., Ottolini, L., Busa', T., 2001. Transition of Mount Etna lavas from a mantle-plume to an island-arc magmatic source. Nature 412, 900-904

Schiattarella, M., Beneduce, P., Di Leo, P., Giano, S.I., Giannandrea, P., Principe, C., 2005. Assetto strutturale ed evoluzione morfotettonica quaternaria del vulcano del Monte Vulture (Appennino lucano). Boll. Soc. Geol. It. 124, 543-562.

Schmid, S.M., Bernoulli, D., Fugenschuh, B., Matenco, L., Schefer, S., Schuster, R., Tischler, M., Ustaszewski, K., 2008. The Alpine-Carpathian-Dinaridic orogenic system: correlation and evolution of tectonic units. Swiss J. Geosci. 101, 139-183.

Schmid, S. Fugenschuh, B., Kissling, E., Schuster, R., 2004. Tectonic map and overall architecture of the Alpine orogen. Eclogae Geol. Helv. 97, 83-117.

Schmid, S.M., Aebli, H.R., Heller, F., Zingg, A., 1989. The role of the Periadriatic Line in the tectonic evolution of the Alps. In: M.P.Coward, D.Dietrich and R.G.Park (Editors), Alpine Tectonics. Geol. Soc. Lond., Spec. Publ. 45, 153-171.

Schmid, S.M., Pfiffner, O.A., Froitzheim, N., Schönborn, G., Kissling, E., 1996. Geophysical geological transect and tectonic evolution of the Swiss-Italian Alps. Tectonics. 15, 1036-1064.

Schönborn G., 1992. Alpine tectonics and kinematic models of the Central Southern Alps, Mem. Sci. Geol. Univ. Padova 44, 229-390.

Schumacher, M.E., Laubscher, H.P., 1996. 3D crustal architecture of the Alps-Apennine join: a new view on seismic data. Tectonophysics 260, 349-363.

Scotese, C.R., 1991, Jurassic and Cretaceous plate tectonic reconstructions, Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol. 87, 493-501.

Scrocca, D., 2006. Thrust front segmentation induced by differential slab retreat in the Apennines (Italy). Terra Nova 18, 154-161.

Scrocca, D., Carminati, E., Doglioni, C., 2005. Deep structure of the Southern Apennines, Italy: Thick skinned or thick-skinned? Tectonics 24, (doi:10.1029/2004TC001634)

Scrocca, D., Doglioni, C., Innocenti, F., 2003. Constraints for an interpretation of the Italian geodynamics: a review. In: Scrocca D., Doglioni C., Innocenti F., Manetti P., Mazzotti A., Bertelli L. Burbi L., D’Offizi S. (Eds.): "CROP Atlas: seismic reflection profiles of the Italian crust". Mem. Descr. Carta Geol. It. 62, 15-46.

Scrocca, D., Doglioni, C., Recanati, R., Chiarabba, C., Guerrini, M., Ferrante, V., Anastasio M., 2006. Caratterizzazione delle principali strutture sismogenetiche nell'offshore della Sicilia settentrionale. Proceedings 25° GNGTS, Rome, 291-293.

Scrocca, D., Carminati, E., Doglioni, C., Marcantoni, D., 2007. Slab retreat and active shortening along the central-northern Apennines. In O. Lacombe, J. Lavé, F. Roure and J. Vergès (Eds) "Thrust belts and foreland basins: From fold kinematics to hydrocarbon systems", Frontiers in Earth Sciences, 471-487.

Sella, M., Turci, C., Riva, A., 1988. Sintesi geopetrolifera della Fossa Bradanica. Mem. Soc. Geol. It. 41, 87-108.

Selvaggi, G., Amato, A., 1992. Subcrustal earthquakes in the northern Apennines (Italy): evidence for a still active subduction? Geophys. Res. Lett. 19, 2127-2130.

Selvaggi, G., Chiarabba, C., 1995. Seismicity and P-wave velocity image of the Southern Tyrrhenian subduction zone. Geophys. J. Int. 121, 818-826.

Selverstone, J. 1985. Petrological constraints on imbrication metamorphism and uplift in the SW Tauern Window, Eastern Alps. Tectonics 4, 687-704.

Séranne, M., 1999. The gulf of Lion continental margin (NW Mediterranean) revisited by IBS: an overview. In: Durand B., Jolivet L., Horvath F. and Seranne M (Eds.) The Mediterranean basins: Tertiary extension within the alpine orogen. Geol. Soc. London, 156, 15-36.

Serri, G., Innocenti, F., Manetti, P., 1993. Geochemical and petrological evidence of the subduction of delaminated Adriatic continental lithosphere in the genesis of the Neogene-Quaternary magmatism of central Italy. Tectonophysics 223, 117-147.

Smith, A.G., 1971. Alpine deformation and oceanic areas of the Tethys, Mediterranean and Atlantic. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull. 82, 2039-2070.

Spadini, G., Wezel, F.C., 1994. Structural evolution of the 41st parallel zone: Tyrrhenian sea. Terra Nova 6, 552–562.

Spakman, W., Van der Lee, S., Van der Hilst, R., 1993. Travel-time tomography of the European-Mediterranean mantle down to 1400 km. Phys. Earth Planet. Int. 79, 3-74.

Spalla, M.I., Lardeaux, J.M., Dal Piaz, G.V., Gosso, G., Messiga, B., 1996. Tectonic significance of alpine eclogites. J. Geodyn. 21, 257-285.

Speranza, F., Villa, I.M., Sagnotti, L., Florindo, F., Cosentino, D., Cipollari, P., Mattei, M., 2002. Age of the Corsica-Sardinia rotation and Liguro-Provençal Basin spreading: new paleomagnetic and Ar/Ar evidence. Tectonophysics 347, 231-251.

Stampfli, G.M., Mosar, J., Marquer, D., Marchant, R., Baudin, T., Borel, G., 1998. Subduction and obduction processes in the Swiss Alps. Tectonophysics 296, 159-204.

Stampfli, G.M., Borel, G. D., Marchant, R., Mosar, J., 2002. Western Alps geological constraints on western Tethyan reconstructions. In: Rosenbaum, G. and Lister, G. S. 2002. Reconstruction of the evolution of the Alpine-Himalayan Orogen. J. Virt. Expl. 7, 75-104.

Stampfli, G.M., Hochard C., 2009. Plate tectonics of the Alpine realm. Geol. Soc. London Spec. Publ. 327, 89-111.

Stoppa, F., Lavecchia, G., 1992. Late Pleistocene ultra-alkaline magmatic activity in the Umbria-Latium region (Italy): an overview. J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 52, 277-293.

Stoppa, F., Cundari, A., Rosatelli, G., 2003. Melilitolite occurrences in Italy: their relationship with alkaline silicate rocks and carbonatites. Per. Mineral. 72, 223-251.

Streckeisen, A., Wenk, E., Frey, M., 1974. Steep isogradic surface in Simplon area. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 47, 81-95.

Sun S.-S., McDonough, W.F., 1989. Chemical and isotopic systematics of oceanic basalts: implications for mantle composition and processes. In: Saunders A. D. and Norry M. J. (Eds), 1989, Magmatism in the Ocean Basins. Geol. Soc. Spec. Publ. 42, 313-345.

Tanguy de Rémur, Les Fonds de la Méditerranée, Scale 1: 4,250,000, Hachette-Guides Bleus, Paris.

Tanguy, J.C., Condomines, M., Kieffer, G., 1997. Evolution of the Mount Etna magma: constraints on the present feeding system and eruptive mechanism. J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 75, 221-250

Tari, V., 2002. Evolution of the northern and western Dinarides: a tectonostratigraphic approach. EGU Stephan Mueller Spec. Publ. Series 1, 223-236.

Todd, C.S., Engi, M., 1997. Metamorphic field gradients in the Central Alps. J. Metam. Geol. 15, 513-530.

Tommasini, S., Poli, G., Halliday, A.N., 1995. The role of sediment subduction and crustal growth in Hercynian plutonism: isotopic and trace element evidence from the Sardinia-Corsica batholith. J. Petrol. 36, 1305-1332.

Tonarini, S., Armienti, P., D'Orazio, M., Innocenti, F., 2001. Subduction-like fluids in the genesis of Mt. Etna magmas: evidence from boron isotopes and fluid mobile elements. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 192, 471-483.

Tondi, E., Torelli, L., Grasso, M., Mazzoldi, G., Peis, D., Gori, D., 1995. Cretaceous to Neogene structural evolution of the Lampedusa shelf (Pelagian Sea, Central Mediterranean). Terra Nova 7, 200-212.

Tondi, E., L. Piccardi, S. Cacon, B. Kontny, G. Cello A., 2005. Structural and time constraints for dextral shear along the seismogenic Mattinata Fault (Gargano, southern Italy). J. Geodyn. 40, 134-152.

Tortorici, L., Catalano, S., Monaco, C., 2008. Ophiolite-bearing mélanges in southern Italy. Geol. J., (doi:10.1002/gj.1142)

Trincardi, F., Zitellini, N., 1987. The rifting in the Tyrrhenian basin Geo-Marine Lett. 7, 1-6.

Trua, T., Esperança, S., Mazzuoli, R., 1998. The evolution of the lithospheric mantle along the N. African Plate: geochemical and isotopic evidence from the tholeiitic and alkaline volcanic rocks of the Hyblean plateau, Italy. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 131, 307-322.

Trua, T., Serri, G., Marani, M., Renzulli, A., Gamberi, F., 2002. Volcanological and petrological evolution of Marsili seamount (southern Tyrrhenian Sea). J Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 114, 441-464.

Trua, T., Serri, G., Marani, M., 2003. Lateral fl ow of African mantle below the nearby Tyrrhenian plate: Geochemical and isotopic evidence. Terra Nova 15, 433-440.

Trua, T., Serri, G., Marani, P.M., Rossi, P.L., Gamberi, F., Renzulli, A., 2004a. Mantle domains beneath the southern Tyrrhenian: Constraints from recent seafl oor sampling and dynamic implications. Per. Mineral. 73, 53-73.

Trua, T., Serri, G., Marani, M.P., 2007. Geochemical features and geodynamic significance of the southern Tyrrhenian backarc basin. In: Beccaluva L., Bianchini G., Wilson M. (Eds.) 2007a. Cenozoic volcanism in the Mediterranean area. Geol. Soc. Am. Spec. Paper 418, 221-233.

Turner, S.P., Platt, J.P., George, R.M.M., Kelley, S.P., Pearson, D.G., Nowell, G.M., 1999. Magmatism associated with orogenic collapse of the Betic-Alborán domain SE Spain. J. Petrol. 40, 1011-1036.

Vaugnat, M., 1983. Les grès de Taveyanne et roches similaires: vestiges d’une activité magmatique tardi-alpine. Mem. Soc. Geol. It. 26, 39-53.

Venturelli, G., Thorpe, R.S., dal Piaz, G.V., del Moro, A., Potts, P.J., 1984. Petrogenesis of calc-alkaline, shoshonitic and associated ultrapotassic Oligocene volcanic rocks from the northwestern Alps, Italy. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 86, 209-220.

Viccaro, M., Cristofolini, R., 2008. Nature of mantle heterogeneity and its role in the short-term geochemical and volcanological evolution of Mt. Etna (Italy). Lithos 105, 272-288.

Vichi, G., Stoppa, F., Wall, F., 1995. The carbonate fraction in carbonatitic Italian lamprophyres. Lithos 85, 154-170.

Vigliotti, L., Langenheim, V.E., 1995. When did Sardinia stop rotating? New palaeomagnetic results. Terra Nova 7, 424-435.

Vignaroli, G., Faccenna, C., Jolivet, L., Piromallo, C., Rossetti, F., 2008. Subduction polarity reversal at the junction between the Western Alps and the Northern Apennines, Italy. Tectonophysics 450, 34-50.

Vignaroli, G., Faccenna, C., Rossetti, F., Jolivet, L., 2009. Insights from the Apennines metamorphic complexes and their bearing on the kinematics evolution of the orogen. Geol. Soc. London Spec. Publ. 311, 235-256.

Vittori, E., Ventura, G., 1995. Grain size of fluvial deposits and late Quaternary climate: A case study in the Po River valley (Italy). Geology 23, 735-738.

Vollmer, R., 1976. Rb-Sr and U-Th-Pb systematics of alkaline rocks: the alkaline rocks from Italy. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 40, 283-295.

Von Blanckenburg, F., Davies, J.H., 1995. Slab breakoff: A model for syncollisional magmatism and tectonics in the Alps. Tectonics 14, 120-131.

Washington, H.S., 1906. The Roman Comagmatic Region. Carnegie Institution of Washington 36, 1-220.

Wezel, F.C., 1982. The Tyrrhenian Sea: a rifted krikogenic-swell basin. Mem. Soc. Geol. It. 24, 531-568.

Wiederkehr, M., M. Sudo, R. Bousquet, A. Berger, and S. M. Schmid, 2009. Alpine orogenic evolution from subduction to collisional thermal overprint: The 40Ar/39Ar age constraints from the Valaisan Ocean, central Alps. Tectonics 28, (doi:10.1029/2009TC002496)

Wilson, M., Bianchini, G., 1999. Tertiary-Quaternary magmatism within the Mediterranean and surrounding regions. In: B. Durand, L. Jolivet, F. Horvath, M. Sèranne (Eds.) The Mediterranean basins: Tertiary extension within the Alpine Orogen. Geol. Soc. London 156, 141-168.

Wortel, M.J.R., Spakman, W., 2000. Subduction and slab detachment in the Mediterranean-Carpathian region. Science 290, 1910-1917.

Zito, G., Mongelli, F., De Lorenzo, S., Doglioni, C., 2003. Heat flow and geodynamics in the Tyrrhenian Sea. Terra Nova 15, 425-432.