Auden, J.B., 1938. Geological Results. In: Shipton, E., (Ed.) - The Shaksgam Expedition 1937. Geographical Journal, 91, 335-336.

Cerveny, P.F., Naeser, C.W., Kelemen, P.B., Lieberman, J.E. and Zeitler, P.K., 1989. Zircon fission-track ages from the Gasherbrum Diorite, Karakoram Range, northern Pakistan. Geology, 17, 1044-1048.

Chan, G.H.-N., Waters, D.J., Searle, M.P., Aitchison, J.C., Horstwood, M.S.A., Crowley, Q., Lo, C.-H. and Chan, J.S.-L., 2009. Probing the basement of southern Tibet: evidence from crustal xenoliths entrained in a Miocene ultrapotassic dyke. Journal of the Geological Society of London, 166, 45–52.

Cheng, Y.-Q., Ding, S.-B. and Shen, Q.-H., 1986. Metamorphic Map of China 1:4.000.000, with explanatory text. Geol. Publ. House, Beijing.

Debon, F., Le Fort, P., Dautel, D., Sonet, J. and Zimmerman, J.L., 1987. Granites of western Karakorum and northern Kohistan (Pakistan): a composite Mid-Cretaceous to Upper Cenozoic magma¬tism. Lithos, 20, 19-40.

Debon, F., Zimmermann, J.L. and Le Fort, P., 1996. Upper Hunza granites (North Karakoram, Pakistan); a syn-collision bimodal plutonism of Mid-Cretaceous age. Comptes Rendu de l’ Academie des Sciences, Paris II, 323/5, 381-388.

Desio, A., 1980. Geology of the Upper Shaksgam Valley, North-East Karakorum, Xizang (Sinkiang). Italian Expeditions to the Karakorum K2 and Hindu Kush. Prof. A. Desio Leader. Scientific Reports III, 4, 196 pp., Brill, Leiden.

Desio, A., Caporali, A., Gaetani, M., Gosso, G., Palmieri, F., Pognante, U. and Rampini, L., 1991. Geodesy, geophysics and geology of the upper Shaksgam Valley (North-East Karakorum) and South Sinkiang. Italian Expedition to the Karakorum 1988. Scientific Reports, 201 pp., CNR, Milano.

Ducea, M.N., Lutkov, V., Minaev, V.T., Hacker, B., Ratschbacher, L., Luffi, P., Schwab, M., Gehrels, G.E., McWilliams, M., Vervoort, J. and Metcalf, J. 2003. Building the Pamirs: the view from the underside. Geology, 31, 849–852.

Fantini Sestini, N., 1965a. Permian Fossils of the Shaksgam Valley. Italian Expeditions to the Karakorum K2 and Hindu Kush. Prof. A. Desio Leader. Scientific Reports IV, 1, 149-215, Brill, Leiden.

Fantini Sestini, N., 1965b. Corals of the Upper Jurassic of the Shaksgam Valley. Italian Expeditions to the Karakorum K2 and Hindu Kush. Prof. A. Desio Leader. Scientific Reports IV, 1, 219-227, Brill, Leiden.

Flügel, H., 1990. Rugosa aus dem Perm des N-Karakorum und Aghil-Kette. Geologisches palaeontologisches Mitteilungen Innsbruck, 17, 101-111.

Flügel, H. and Gaetani, M., 1991. Permian Rugosa from Northern Karakorum and Aghil Ranges. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 97/1, 35-48.

Gaetani, M., Gosso, G. and Pognante, U., 1990. A geological transect from the Kun Lun to Karakorum (Sinkiang China): the western termination of the Tibetan Plateau. Preliminary note. Terra Nova, 2, 23-30.

Gaetani, M., Gosso, G. and Pognante, U., 1991. Geological report. In. Geodesy, Geophysics and Geology of the upper Shaksgam Valley (North-East Karakorum) and South Sinkiang. (Ed. by Desio, A., et al.) Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, 99-190, Milano.

Gaetani, M., Jadoul, F., Erba, E. and Garzanti, E., 1993. Jurassic and Cretaceous orogenic events in the North Karakoram: age constraints from sedimentary rocks. In: Treloar, P.J. and Searle, M.P. (Eds.), Himalayan Tectonics. Geological Society Special Publication, 74, 39–52.

Gaetani, M., 1997. The Karakorum block in central Asia, from Ordovician to Cretaceous. Sedimentary Geology, 109, 339–359.

Gaetani, M. and Leven, E.J., 2014. The Permian succession of the Shaksgam Valley, Sinkiang (China). Italian Journal of Geosciences, 133, 45-62.

Groppo, C. and Rolfo, F., 2007. P-T evolution of the Aghil range (SW Sinkiang, China). 22nd Himalaya-Karakorum-Tibet Workshop – Hong Kong, 22-25 May 2007.

Groppo, C. and Rolfo, F., 2008. Counterclockwise P-T evolution of the Aghil Range: metamorphic record of an accretionary melange between Kunlun and Karakorum (SW Sinkiang, China). Lithos, 105, 365-378.

Hacker, B.R., Gnos, E., Ratschbacher, L., Grove, M., McWilliams, M., Sobolev, S.V., Wan, J. and Wu, Z., 2000. Hot and dry deep crustal xenoliths from Tibet. Science, 287, 2463–2466.

Hacker, B., Luffi, R., Lutkov, V., Minaev, V.T., Ratschbacher, L.R., Patino-Douce, A.E., Ducea, M.N., McWilliams, M.O. and Metcalf, J., 2005. Near ultrahigh pressure processing of continental crust: Miocene crustal xenoliths from the Pamir. Journal of Petrology, 46, 1661–1687.

Kapp, P., Yin, A., Manning, C.E., Murphy, M., Harrison, T.M., Spurlin, M., Lin, D., Xi-Guang, D. and Cun-Ming, W., 2000. Blueschist-bearing metamorphic core complexes in the Qiangtang block reveal deep crustal structure of northern Tibet. Geology, 28, 19–22.

Leeder, M.T., Smith, A.B. and Yin, J., 1988. Sedimentology, palaeoecology and palaeoenvironmental evolution of the 1985 Lhasa to Golmud Geotraverse. Trans. R. Soc. London, A327, 10-143.

Leloup, P.H., Arnaud, N.O., Mahéo, G., Paquette, J.L., Guillot, S., Valli, F., Li, H., Xu, Z., Lacassin, R. and Tapponnier, P., 2012. Successive deformation episodes along the Lungmu Co zone, west-central Tibet. Gondwana Research, 21, 37–52.

Mason, K., 1927. The Shaksgam Valley and Aghil Range. The Geographical Journal, 69/4, 289-323.

Mason, K., 1938. Karakoram nomenclature. Himalayan Journal, 10, 86-125.

Mason, K., 1955. Abode of Snow. A history of Himalayan exploration and mountaineering. 517 pp., Ruper Hart-Davis, London.

Pognante, U., 1990. Shoshonitic and ultrapotassic post-collisional dykes from northern Karakorum (Sinkiang, China). Lithos, 26, 305-316.

Rex, A.J., Searle, M.P., Tirrul, R., Crawford, M.B., Prior, D.J., Rex, D.C. and Barnicoat, A., 1988. The geochemical and tectonic evolution of the central Karakoram, North Pakistan. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London, 326, 229-255.

Robinson, A.C., 2009a. Geologic offsets across the northern Karakorum fault: Implications for its role and terrane correlations in the western Himalayan-Tibetan orogen. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 279, 123–130.

Robinson, A.C., 2009b. Evidence against Quaternary slip on the northern Karakorum Fault suggests kinematic reorganization at the western end of the Himalayan–Tibetan orogen. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 286, 158–170.

Rolfo, F. and Groppo, C., 2007. Geology and metamorphism of the Aghil Range between Kun-Lun and Karakorum (SW Sinkiang). 22nd Himalaya-Karakorum-Tibet Workshop – Hong Kong, 22-25 May 2007.

Savoia-Aosta, A. and Desio, A., 1936. La spedizione geografica italiana nel Karakorum. Storia del viaggio e risultati geografici. 620 pp. Arti Grafiche Bertarelli, Milano.

Schomberg, R.C.F., 1947. North Karakoram: a Journey in the Muztagh-Shaksgam area. Geographical Journal, 109, 94-98.

Schwab, M., Ratschbacher, L., Siebel, W.S., McWilliams, M., Minaev, V., Lutkov, V., Chen, F.K., Stanek, K., Nelson, B., Frisch, W. and Wooden, J.L., 2004. Assembly of the Pamirs: Age and origin of magmatic belts from the southern Tien Shan to the southern Pamirs and their relation to Tibet. Tectonics, 23, 32 pp., 10.1029/2003TC001583.

Searle, M.P., Elliott, J.R., Phillips, R.J. and Chung, S.L., 2011. Crustal-lithospheric structure, geological evolution and continental extrusion of Tibet. Journal of Geological Society of London, 168, 633-672.

Searle, M. P., Parrish, R.R., Tirrul, R. and Rex, D.C., 1990. Age of crystallization and cooling of the K2 gneiss in Baltoro Karakoram. Journal of the Geological Society, London, 147, 603-606.

Shipton, E., 1938a. The Shaksgham Expedition. Geographical Journal, 91, 313- 319.

Shipton, E., 1938b. Blank on the Map. 147 pp., Hodder and Stoughton Lmt. London. Reprinted in: The Six Mountains Travel Books. Diadem, London.

Wyss, R., 1940. Geologie. Mit Beitraegen von Dr. Carl Renz and Dr. Manfred Reichel. In: Wissenschaftlichen Ergebnisse Niederlandische Expedition Karakorum und angregegend Gebieten, Jhr. 1922, 1925, 1929/30, and 1935, III, Brill, Leiden.

Younghusband, F., 1896. The heart of a continent. 409 pp. John Murray, London; second edition Oxford University Press 1984.

Zanchi, A., 1993. Structural evolution of the North Karakoram cover, North Pakistan. In: Treloar, P.J., Searle, M.P., (Eds.), Himalayan Tectonics. Geological Society Special Publication, 74, 21–38.

Zanchi, A., and Gaetani, M., 2011. The geology of the Karakoram range, Pakistan: the new 1:100,000 geological map of Central-Western Karakoram. Italian Journal of Geosciences 130/2, 161-262, 2 geol. maps.

Error: no bibliography entry: id470548 found in